Preventing plastic from decomposing plastic
Many movements to replace disposable plastic have been sparked, replaced by organic materials or biodegradable plastics. But many types of biodegradable plastics are not good right now.
The recycling of plastic requires a closed cycle from discharging to designated places, periodic collection, treatment and recycling plants, and then distributing recycled products to people for use.
For disposable plastic replacement, in addition to building people’s awareness, it is important to give them alternative solutions / products.
If there were no substitutes, every propaganda campaign was just a formality.
Moreover, these substitutes need to ensure very high quality, features and environmental friendliness.
There have been businesses that have fully biodegradable products derived from starch. Vietnam market in recent years has a lot of plastic products labeled “biodegradable”.
However, some of them are essentially just ordinary HDPE products that are added to make it easy to break down into micro-plastics.
If so, it could be even more dangerous than conventional plastics because it easily blends into the water and soil, is swallowed by animals and returns to the human food chain.
But due to the lack of information, many people believe in the ability “harmless” to the environment of this type of product.
With superior properties compared to conventional plastic products, the production of this type of fully biodegradable products requires very high international standards.
Currently, with the raw materials, strict production processes and fully biodegradable standards (Ok Compost Home and Ok Compost Industrial), the cost of 100% biodegradable plastic products is quite high compared to those of common plastic products.
Meanwhile, the Vietnamese market is full of ordinary disposable plastic products that float, have no origin, and are bio-labeled or self-destruct in order to avoid environmental taxes and non-taxable selling prices. Much lower than the price of fully biodegradable products.
Therefore, persuading customers to spend about 3 times the cost of using fully biodegradable products is not easy.
Promoting fully disposable disposable plastic will save the maximum plastic waste disposal budget.
Therefore, the nature of the problem is not in the price, but in the application and strict management of fee taxes on environmentally friendly plastic products.
In my opinion, the policies that need to focus are: putting the ban / restriction on the use of plastic bags and ordinary disposable plastic products in the law.
Adopt a fair and thorough environmental tax policy for businesses / units that produce common disposable plastic and plastic products.
To adopt state preferential policies for real environmentally friendly products.
We really need the involvement of the State to bring the widespread use of plastic bags and disposable plastic products that are difficult to decompose into the law with strict sanctions in order to progress to a thorough ban. At that time, the environmental protection problem was really solved from the root.